The Wonderful World of the Apple ][

The Apple ][ (aka Apple II) debuted in June of 1977.

The 8-bit computer was ready-to-go out of the box. Powered by well known MOS Technology 6502 processor running at 1.023 MHz, working with 4KB of RAM, and having Integer BASIC build into ROM. This little machine was ready to get to work as soon as its new owner connected it to the TV or available monitor.

One of the first home computers to display color, the machine was a near instant hit.

Originally the Apple ][ was made to store and load data from cassette tape. However, once 5.25'' Disk ][ drive was released in 1978, the computer and its user base really started growing.





The original Apple ][ was released in 1977. The machine at right is pictured with a
Data Cassette Deck and standard television. The computer would work as intended whether you had a color or black and white television.


















Released in June 1979, the Apple II Plus was the next version of the machine. 48KB of RAM would now be the standard.

The Integer BASIC was also removed and replaced with AppleSoft BASIC, a product 
written by Microsoft.












The all black Bell & Howell version of the Apple II was a version of the machine that 
Bell & Howell marketed toward schools. This model tied into their already established Audio
and Video business.

Apple themselves would also market the Apple II line to schools at a discounted rate. This was a very successful venture that made their machines the very first computer kids of the 1980's and 90's had interaction with.

This model is nicknamed the "Darth Vader" because of its all black case.








The Apple IIe was the next iteration of the series. Now sporting 64KB of RAM, it was 
the most powerful Apple II yet.

The computer also built many common after-market upgrades right into the main 
system board. Such as 80 column video, the Disk II controller, and the 16KB language card.

This machine also was the first Apple II to feature upper and lower case letters.

The IIe is considered the most popular of the line.







The Apple IIc version bumped the on-board RAM up to an impressive 128KB, and used 
a new low-power version of the 6502 micro-processor. 

Despite not having a battery or built-in display, the IIc is considered a portable computer. It does feature a fold-out carry handle that doubles as a stand to prop the computer up to a comfortable typing angle.

A 1988 upgrade of the IIc changed the 5.25'' floppy drive to a 3.5 floppy drive. This model is known as the Apple IIc Plus.








The Apple IIe Platinum hit the scene in January 1987. The processor received an 
upgrade again. The 65C02 would be the workhorse of the machine. Working alongside 
the now standard 128KB of RAM.

The Platinum also debuted with a major keyboard upgrade. A separate numeric 
pad would be placed on the right side of the keyboard. 









The Apple IIgs is the last upgrade of the Apple II series. GS standing for Graphics 
and Sound. The now 16-bit machine was was capable of running all a GUI (Graphical 
User Interface). 

It came standard in 1987 with a mouse, a 65C816 processor, up to 8MB of RAM, 
256 colors, and rich wave-table sound.







                        Apple II
AppleII

                        Apple II plus
AppleIIplus


                    Apple II Bell & Howell
AppleIIBellandHowell

                        Apple IIe
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                            Apple IIc
AppleIIc

                        Apple IIe Platinum
AppleIIePlatnium

                            Apple IIgs
AppleIIgs

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