The Wonderful World of the Apple ][

The Apple ][ (aka Apple II) debuted in June of 1977.

The 8-bit computer was ready-to-go out of the box. Powered by well known MOS Technology 6502 processor running at 1.023 MHz, working with 4KB of RAM, and having Interger BASIC build into ROM. This little machine was ready to get to work as soon as it's new owner connected it to the TV or available monitor.

One of the first home computers to display color, the machine was a near instant hit.

Originally the Apple ][ was made to store and load data from cassette tape. However, once 5.25'' Disk ][ drive was released in 1978, the computer and it's user base really started growing.





The original Apple ][ released in 1977.
Pictured with a Data Cassette Deck and 
standard television. The computer would 
work as intended if it was a color or black
and white television.
















The Apple II Plus was the next version
of the machine. Released in June 1979.
48KB of RAM would now be the standard.

The Integer BASIC was also removed and
replaced with AppleSoft BASIC. A product 
written by Microsoft.










The all black Bell & Howell version of the 
Apple II was a version of the machine that 
Bell & Howell marketed toward schools. As 
it tied into their already established Audio
and Video business.

Apple themselves would also market the
Apple II line to schools at a discounted 
rate. A very successful venture that made 
their machines the very first computer kids 
of the 1980's and 90's had interaction with.

This model is also nick-named the 
"Darth Vader", because of it's all 
black case.






The Apple IIe was the next iteration of the 
series. Now sporting 64KB of RAM. It was 
the most powerful Apple II yet.

The computer also built many common 
after-market upgrades right into the main 
system board. Such as 80 column video, 
the Disk II controller, and the 16KB 
language card.

This machine also was the first Apple II 
to feature upper and lower case letters.

The IIe is considered the most popular of the line.




The Apple IIc version bumped the on-board 
RAM up to an impressive 128KB, and used 
a new low-power version of the 6502 micro-
processor. 

Despite not having a battery or built-in 
display. The IIc is considered a portable 
computer. It does feature a fold-out carry 
handle that doubles as a stand to prop the 
computer up to a comfortable typing angle.

A 1988 upgrade of the IIc changed the 5.25'' 
floppy drive to a 3.5 floppy drive. This 
model is known as the Apple IIc Plus.






The Apple IIe Platinum hit the scene in 
January 1987. The processor received an 
upgrade again. The 65C02 would be the 
workhorse of the machine. Working alongside 
the now standard 128KB of RAM.

The Platinum also debuted with a major 
keyboard upgrade. A separate numeric 
pad would be placed on the right side of the 
keyboard. 







The Apple IIgs is the last upgrade of the 
Apple II series. GS standing for Graphics 
and Sound. The now 16-bit machine was 
was capable of running all a GUI (Graphical 
User Interface). 

It came standard in 1987 with a mouse, 
a 65C816 processor, up to 8MB of RAM, 
256 colors, and rich wave-table sound.







Apple II
AppleII

Apple II plus
AppleIIplus

Apple II Bell & Howell
AppleIIBellandHowell

Apple IIe
AppleIIe

Apple IIc
AppleIIc

Apple IIe Platinum
AppleIIePlatnium

Apple IIgs
AppleIIgs

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